Bio.Res.Nova is a project financed by the Pisa Foundation under the ‘research’ call for proposals, coordinated by the Biology Department of the University of Pisa.
Intended as a specialised soil and soil quality restoration project, the project studies processes to restore the quality of soils and sediments, whether contaminated or degraded, or depleted in organic matter, by means of innovative biotechnologies supported by chemical-physical processes.
Soil is a non-renewable resource that, mainly due to human activities and climate change, undergoes a series of degradation processes, such as erosion, decline in organic matter, local or diffuse contamination, compaction, decline in biodiversity, salinization, floods and landslides.
As a result of the research activities performed, significant results have been achieved on the biodegradation of the main classes of organic contaminants, namely heavy hydrocarbons (TPH), polycyclic aromatics (PAH) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB).
The results obtained concern not only the acceleration of degradation kinetics but also the activation of the synthesis processes of humic substances (humic and fulvic acids).